Originally named Crocodilopolis, then Arsinoe,Medinet El-Fayoum, often quoted as the land of roses. was the main place of worship of the crocodile god, Sobek. Apparently, during the ancient time, crocodiles were adorned with gold and fed honey cakes and meat by the priests of interest are the huge wooden waterwheels.
The waters of the Bahr Yusef are distributed throughout the oasis from Medinet, the capital of the Fayoum. Approximately 200 of the great waterwheels are located throughout the oasis. The Seven Waterwheels, a Fayoum landmark, are surrounded by mangos, palms and willows. A great stone obelisk was erected in honor of Senwosret I in Abgig during the 12th Dynasty.
Located about 80 Km to the south west of Cairo, Fayoum emerges on the map as a bud blooming from the stem , Fayoum has played an important role during the different eras of the Egyptian history , traces and remains can assure these facts from different periods like geese of Maidum Hawwarah pyramid from pharaonic periods Fayoum portraits from Graeco - Roman and different Monasteries from the Coptic period , Fayoum is well - know for its unique "Sawaki" which means "water wheels" as it has many water stream and that explains the name Fayoum which is derived from word "vium" which means water in ancient Egyptian language.